The Ethics of In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
IVF comes under a strand of research termed in the 1970s as ‘new reproductive technology’ (NRT). This research used technology to arbitrate and influence the course of human reproduction. Broadly, NRT can be categorized into four groups:
- Firstly, a research on that which applied to controlling conception. This involved preventing fertility either by disabling an embryo from becoming fertilized or aborting a pregnancy.
- Secondly, a research that looked into improving the process of a woman’s labor and delivery.
- Thirdly, a research into the ante-natal or pre-birth procedure that included pregnancy check-ups, diagnostic monitoring of the health of mother and child, and other advice that made preparation for birth.
- Fourthly, a research into the facilitation of pregnancy through technology to overcome infertility for one reason or another.
IVF sits in the last category.
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